Stinky, unsightly and stubborn are all the words that occur to me when considering the fungal nails. While anyone can get onychomycosis, some people are at greater risk. Age, gender, genetics, general health and simple daily habits can play a role in the development of onychomycosis.
The most common predisposing factors are:
• Hereditary cases. This is rare, but some families have a genetic disposition to develop the disease. It can be seen in the younger members of the family up to the elderly.
• Chronic medical conditions will increase your risk. HIV, diabetes, poor circulation and immunosuppressive diseases are examples of such conditions.
• Work footwear can also be a cause. I often see patients with onychomycosis who wear steel-tipped boots and boots of water. The warm, dark and sweaty environment with poor air circulation is the perfect condition for fungi to thrive.
• Painted toenails may look attractive, but the nail cover blocks light. Fungus does not like light! Pedicures will also increase the risk of onychomycosis because it can be transferred from the files and clippers used.
- Fungi love sugar and those of us who consume them a lot run the risk of developing onychomycosis.
• The use of tight, closed, high-heeled shoes will cause trauma to the nail plate and make them more susceptible to onychomycosis.
• Public facilities, such as gyms and changing rooms, are famous for the spread of fungal infections. Pools are generally safe because chlorinated water should kill all microbes.
• Athletes who spend a lot of time in sneakers and training shoes will also be at risk. If the shoes are tight and the socks are made of man-made materials, this will make the situation worse.